What is Overtime Calculation In UAE As Per Labour Law?

overtime calculation in uae

Transitioning into the realm of UAE labor law, overtime computation follows specific protocols tied to an employee’s basic salary, excluding breaks and commuting time. Employees are restricted to a maximum of two hours of daily overtime calculation in UAE without special authorization. The calculation formula involves dividing the monthly basic salary by standard hours, then multiplying by overtime hours and the relevant rate.

In this article you can learn about overtime calculation in UAE and their importance. Also, the formula to calculate and their types.

What Does Overtime Mean?

overtime calculation in uae

In the realm of employment, overtime signifies the hours worked by an employee exceeding their regular schedule. These additional hours are typically remunerated at a higher rate than standard hours.

The overtime rate, which can vary between companies, is often determined by factors such as the number of overtime hours worked. Commonly used rates include time and a half and double time, offering employees increased compensation for their additional contributions.

Importance of understanding overtime calculation in UAE

Recognizing the significance of comprehending overtime calculation in UAE is paramount for both employers and employees. As outlined in UAE labor law, overtime is calculated by multiplying the overtime hours by the hourly salary and a rate of 1.5, or by offering an extra day off.

This systematic approach, coupled with strict adherence to labor regulations, serves to prevent exploitation. Also, ensure equitable compensation for employees exceeding regular working hours.

Types of Overtime Calculations

Transitioning into the realm of overtime calculations unveils the diverse methods employed to compensate extra work hours in the UAE. Overtime in the UAE is intricately computed based on an employee’s basic overtime calculation in UAE salary, with two primary categories:

  1. Regular Overtime: Assessed at 125% for surpassing standard hours during regular business periods.
  2. Nighttime Overtime: Implemented at 150% for tasks executed between 10 PM and 4 AM, encompassing weekends and public holidays.

By multiplying the basic salary by the overtime hours and the relevant rate (1.5 or 2.5). Equitable compensation for additional contributions is ensured. Moreover, fostering a fair and conducive working environment for employees.

By Entitlement

Navigating the labyrinthine landscape of UAE overtime calculation online by entitlement exposes unique strategies for rewarding supplemental work hours. Moreover, primarily centered around Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)-sanctioned criteria.

Enmeshed within this tapestry are overtime rates such as time and a half or double time, accentuating the cardinal need for acute comprehension and exactitude. When applying overtime legislation to safeguard equitable compensation for employees transcending conventional working hours.

Pertinent elements associated with overtime calculation in UAE by entitlement comprise:

  • Time and a Half: An overtime rate where employees garner one and a half times their ordinary wages for each hour worked beyond standard hours.
  • Double Time: Another overtime rate where workers amass twice their typical wages for each hour worked beyond standard hours.
  • Entitlement Criteria: Precisely delimited conditions dictating eligibility for overtime payments as per FLSA mandates.

Moreover, by diligent interpretation and implementation of these tenets, fair compensation for employees is maintained whilst preserving conformity with statutory norms.

By Pay Rate

Exploring the realm of overtime calculation in UAE by pay rate reveals a plethora of methodologies for computing overtime pay based on various compensation structures. Including hourly wages, salaries, piece-rate work, and non-hourly remuneration.

These resources delve into specific examples and formulas for calculating overtime rates like time and a half or double time. Underscoring the significance of grasping labor laws and regulations to guarantee precise and equitable compensation for employees exceeding regular working hours.

By Schedule

Delving into the realm of overtime calculations by pay rate exposes a diverse range of methodologies for computing overtime pay across different compensation structures. These approaches encompass hourly wages, salaries, piece-rate work, and non-hourly remuneration.

The resources delve into specific examples and formulas for calculating overtime rates such as time and a half or double time, highlighting the crucial significance of understanding labor laws and regulations to ensure accurate and equitable compensation for employees exceeding standard working hours.

UAE Formula for Calculating Overtime

Within the UAE, the computation of overtime pay entails a formula reliant on the employee’s basic salary, the hours worked beyond standard, and specific rates. By utilizing the formula (Basic Salary ÷ 48) × Overtime Hours × Overtime Rate, one can ascertain the additional compensation due.

This methodology extends to Dubai, albeit with adjustments for total normal working hours. Notably, complexities emerge with nighttime overtime, often remunerated at 1.5 times the overtime calculation in UAE basic or gross salary.

Moreover, understanding these calculations is paramount for ensuring equitable compensation and adherence to labor laws. Fostering a harmonious and just workplace environment for both employees and employers across the UAE.

Overtime Calculation in UAE for Public Holiday

Crossing the of overtime computation during public holidays in the UAE reveals a structured formula dictating the process. This formula, intertwining the Basic Salary with specific multipliers and the total overtime hours with a 1.5 factor, intricately determines the precise overtime remuneration.

For example, in a scenario where an employee earning AED 3,650 engages in 8 hours of overtime on a public holiday, the complex calculation unfolds as: 3650 x 12/365 x 1/8 x 8 x 1.5 = 180 AED.

In instances devoid of an additional day off provision, employees are warranted a bonus amounting to 150% of their basic salary. Moreover, adherence to these convoluted calculations is paramount to uphold equitable compensation standards and ensure alignment with labor laws in the UAE.

Overtime Calculation in UAE Normal Working Day

When immersing oneself in the intricate domain of calculating overtime on a typical workday in the UAE, a meticulous and exhaustive approach becomes indispensable. Here is an intricate breakdown of the multifaceted process:

  1. Intricate Commencement:
    • Initiate by computing the Per Day Salary, derived from multiplying the Basic Salary by 12/365.
    • Progress to determine the Per Hour Salary by dividing the Per Day Salary by 8.
    • Subsequently, factor in a precision-enhancing element of 1.25 while calculating the Overtime Amount. By multiplying the total overtime hours by the Per Hour Salary.
  1. Complex Illustration:
    • Consider an employee earning AED 3,650 who allocates 100 hours to work in a month for a detailed scenario.
    • Calculate the normal hour payment as 3650 x 12/365/9 = 15.
    • Determine an escalated per hour payment with a 25% increment above normal: 15 + 25% of 15 = 18.75.
    • Derive the total overtime pay as 18.75 x 100 = AED 1,875.
    • Finally, amalgamate the basic salary and overtime pay to arrive at a total salary of AED 5,525.
  1. Regulatory Adherence and Complex Particulars:
    • Strict compliance with UAE labor law overtime regulations is imperative to avoid penalties stemming from inaccuracies in overtime calculations.
    • Certain specialized roles like senior positions or administrative functions may be exempt from standard overtime regulations.
    • Noteworthy is the exclusion of time allocated for commuting, rest intervals, and meal breaks from the computation of overtime hours.

By meticulously adhering to these intricate steps and guidelines, organizations can ensure accurate and equitable compensation. This is for their employees while upholding legal conformity within the UAE.

Overtime Calculation in UAE for Weekend Over Time Payment

In the complicated landscape of overtime computation within the UAE, a way of specific formulas and regulatory frameworks intertwines to ensure the equitable remuneration of additional labor. Here is a detailed and convoluted overview distilled from extensive research findings:

Foundational overtime calculation formula unveiled:

    • Embarking with: The inception of the Per Day Salary, a product of Basic Salary multiplied by 12/365.
    • Advancing to: The derivation of the Per Hour Salary through the division of the Per Day Salary by 8.
    • Subsequent to this: The calculation of the Overtime Amount by multiplying the overtime hours by the Per Hour Salary and introducing a multiplier of 1.25.

Weekend Overtime Payment Complexity:

    • In the realm of public holidays, the formula unfolds as Basic Salary x 12/365/8 x Total overtime hours x 1.5 to unveil the Total Overtime Pay.
    • Should a public holiday lack a day off provision, a mandated bonus equivalent to 150% of the basic pay ensues, adding layers of intricacy.

Navigating Regulatory Labyrinths:

    • The imposition of maximum working hours at 8 per day or 48 per week, excluding commute time, adds a dimension of complexity.
    • Varied rates govern daytime and nighttime overtime, weekly off scenarios, and public holidays, further complicating the regulatory landscape.

Illustrative Calculation Enigma:

    • For instance, envision an employee with a basic salary of AED 3,650 engaging in 8 hours of overtime on a public holiday:
      • The complex calculation unfolds as 3650 x 12/365/8 x 8 x 1.5 = AED 180. Showcasing the depth of complexity involved.

By meticulously adhering to these complex guidelines and executing the prescribed formulas with precision. Businesses in the UAE can navigate the complexities of labor laws and ensure just compensation for overtime endeavors.

What does the UAE Labor law state about the overtime calculation in the payroll?

The UAE Labor Law outlines specific regulations regarding overtime calculation in payroll, incorporating the following key points:

  • Overtime is computed solely based on the employee’s basic salary.
  • Establishing a maximum of 8 working hours per day or 48 per week, excluding commute time, sets a clear boundary.
  • Differential rates are applicable for daytime and nighttime overtime, weekly off periods. Also, public holidays, introducing variability in compensation structures.
  • The formula for overtime pays calculation involves (Basic Salary ÷ Total Normal Working Hours) × Overtime Hours × Overtime Rate. With rates subject to variations based on factors like time of day and job nature.

By following these guidelines diligently, organizations can ensure equitable remuneration for overtime work while upholding compliance with the UAE Labor Law.

How to Calculate Overtime in the UAE?

The overtime pay calculation in the UAE follows a set of intricate rules based on the time of day and type of overtime. These rules involve several steps, such as determining the hourly wage and applying various multipliers depending on the circumstances.

For instance, standard overtime hours have a multiplier of 1.5, while night hours require further adjustment due to the higher multiplier applied to half of the base wage. Additionally, weekend shifts and public holidays carry a higher multiplier still.

This system demonstrates a high degree of complexity because it requires careful consideration of multiple factors, such as the time of day, whether the overtime falls under “standard” or “night,”.

Also, whether the overtime occurs on a weekend or public holiday, and applies distinct multipliers accordingly. Such nuanced distinctions make the process somewhat burdensome. Requiring attention to detail and adherence to precise guidelines laid out in the UAE Labor Law.

How Payroll Middle East assist you in Overtime calculation?

overtime calculation in uae

Payroll Middle East, a leading payroll service providers in Middle East contributes to enhancing the complexity and dynamism of overtime payment calculations. By supplying accurate guidance that ensures conformity with labor legislation. In Saudi Arabia, FLSA supervises overtime pay to provide just compensation for employees.

This procedure includes computing total hours worked, regular salary, and the overtime pay rate. For instance, in KSA, overtime pay is calculated utilizing the formula: Overtime Pay = Regular Hourly Pay Rate x 1.5.

Likewise, in the UAE, overtime pay is determined based on daily and hourly rates. With supplemental provisions for public holidays or rest days.

  • Organizations must abide by UAE Labor Law mandates, like restricting daily overtime hours to 2. Also, offering compensatory leave or extra pay for holiday shifts. Precise overtime calculations are vital for businesses to evade penalties and guarantee equitable compensation for their staff members.

See More: Leave Salary Calculation In UAE: An Ultimate Guide


In conclusion, it is vital to grasp and implement overtime calculation in UAE to ensure adherence to labor laws. Moreover, secure fair compensation for additional work hours. By adhering to the specified formulas outlined in UAE labor regulations. Also, businesses can accurately determine overtime payments, thereby sidestepping legal repercussions and penalties.

Ultimately, strict compliance with regulations and meticulous computation of overtime hours are crucial to maintain fair treatment of employees and mitigate any potential legal issues. Contact us to learn more.

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